An early device used to squirt water onto a fire was known as a squirt or fire syringe. Hand squirts and hand pumps were invented around the 2nd century B.C. The fire pump was reinvented in Europe during the 16th century, reportedly used in Augsburg in 1518 and Nuremberg in 1657. A book of 1655 inventions mentions a steam engine (called a fire engine) pump used to "raise a column of water 40 feet, but there was no mention of whether it was portable. The earliest engines were small and were either carried by four men, or mounted on skids and dragged to a fire. As the engines grew larger they became horse-drawn and later, self-propelled by steam engines. Until the mid-19th century, most fire engines were maneuvered by men, but the introduction of horse-drawn fire engines considerably improved the response time to incidents. The first self-propelled steam-driven fire engine was built in New York in 1841. Motorized fire engines did not become commonplace until the early 20th century. By 1905, the idea of combining gas engine motor trucks into fire engines was attracting great attention. For many years firefighters sat on the sides of the fire engines, or even stood on the rear of the vehicles, exposed to the elements. This arrangement was uncomfortable and dangerous (some firefighters were thrown to their deaths when their fire engines made sharp turns on the road), and today nearly all fire engines have fully enclosed seating areas for their crews.
- Fire Trucks
Fire Fighting vehicles in India were a monopoly till early 1970s. Sensing the need to cater to this growing Industry, Garrison was formed with the aim to manufacture state of the art, modern, fire trucks and fire fighting equipments. Over the past 4 decades, GARRISON has created a niche in the field of manufacturing Fire Trucks. GARRISON brand of Fire Fighting Vehicles are made using the best quality raw material. We do no compromise in the quality of our production. Our vehicles are fail-proof, provide ease of operation and have a very short response time. Our vehicles have been chosen by various Fire Fighting Organization for their quality and reliability during times of fire hazards.
Buses form the crux of any Mass Transport System. It is the most common mode of transport used by public for both Inter City as well as for Intra City travel. All State Government runs its own fleet of buses which efficiently transports large number of commuters daily. Understanding the importance of easy travel in everyday life, we stepped into the business of fabricating bus bodies to be able to serve our clients with a comprehensive range of buses. At Garrison, we specialize in fabricating bus bodies out of Aluminum sections and channels. These buses are highly engineered to endure the Indian terrain and serve for a long time. The entire structure & paneling is done using the best quality of Aluminum sourced from the leading aluminum producers in India. These precision engineered Bus Bodies, are known in the industry for their durability, corrosion resistance, accurate designs, excellent finish and a log running life.
To ensure 100% client satisfaction we provide customization on these products with the help of some highly talented people. Our clients prefer us over our competitors in the industry for our standard quality, excellent workmanship and satisfactory after sales service. Garrison owns an excellent infrastructural facility for carrying out the bus body building process. Our fabrication facility is well-equipped with contemporary machinery and technology to ensure quality output is derived out of the entire process. We have our facility well-organized for carrying out different production stages efficiently. We have all the tools and techniques for building bus body, and constantly upgrade our facilities for remaining abreast with the latest trends and market. Effective management, superior infrastructure, and skilled man power aid us in meeting the customers’ requisites effectively and stay ahead of our competitors.
Hydraulic rescue tools are used by emergency rescue personnel to assist vehicle extrication of crash victims, as well as other rescues from small spaces. These tools include cutters, spreaders, and rams. Hydraulic rescue tools are powered by a hydraulic pump, which can be hand, foot, or engine-powered or even built into the tool. These tools may be either single-acting, where hydraulic pressure will only move the cylinder in one direction, or dual-acting, in which hydraulic pressure is used to both open and close the hydraulic cylinder. Previously rescuers often used circular saws for vehicle extrication, but these suffered from several drawbacks. Saws can conduct sparks, which could start a fire, create loud sounds, stress the victim, and often cut slowly. Alternatively, rescuers could try to pry open the vehicle doors with a crowbar, which, at times, could compromise the stability of the vehicle, injure the victims further, or inadvertently trigger the airbags of the vehicle.
In comparison, hydraulic spreader-cutters are quieter, faster, stronger, and more versatile: they can cut, open, and even lift a vehicle. Nowadays, these hydraulic tools are not only used for vehicle crash rescues. These tools have the capacity to rescue victims trapped inside buildings devastated by fire or earthquake. Combinations of these tools are also used for Airplane crash rescue. RESQTEC is one of the oldest companies engaged in designing hydraulic rescue tools. Garrison is proud to be formally tied up with RESQTEC to cater to the growing needs of Hydraulic Rescue Equipments in the Indian market.
The Calcutta Tramways Co. - History- The Kolkata tram is a tram system in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, run by the Calcutta Tramways Company (CTC). It is currently the only operating tram network in India and the oldest operating electric tram in Asia, running since 1902. In 1880, the Calcutta Tramway Co. Ltd was formed and registered in London on 22nd December. Metre-gauge horse-drawn tram tracks were laid from Sealdah to Armenian Ghat via Bowbazar Street, Dalhousie Square and Strand Road. The route was inaugurated by the then Viceroy, Lord Ripon, on 1 November, 1880. Steam locomotives were deployed experimentally in 1882 to haul tram cars. By the end of the nineteenth century the company owned 166 tram cars, 1000 horses, seven steam locomotives and 19 miles of tram tracks. During 1900, Electrification of the tramway, and reconstruction of tracks from Metre-gauge to Standard-gauge began to happen. The first electric tramcar in Asia ran in 1902 from Esplanade to Kidderpore on 27 March, and on 14 June from Esplanade to Kalighat. During 1951, the Government of West Bengal entered into an agreement with the Calcutta Tramways Company, and assumed all rights regarding the Tramways, and reserved the right to purchase the system. On 8 November 1976 the Calcutta Tramways (Acquisition of Undertaking) ordinance was promulgated, under which the company (and its assets) united with the government.
GARRISON & CTC - During the early 1990s, The Calcutta Tramways Co. introduced Bus services in Kolkata and suburbs. Garrison, as one of the leading Bus Body manufacturers, supplied many buses to the CTC. Through this relationship, and with an aim towards giving a modern look to the old-fashioned Tram coaches, Garrison began fabricating the contemporary tram coaches along with CTC. The City’s first AC Tram was fabricated by Garrison jointly with CTC.
West Bengal Armed Police, Barrackpore
Indian Navy, Andaman & Nicober Islands
Sagardighi Thermal Power Project, West Bengal
Durgapur Thermal Power Project, West Bengal
South Eastern Railway, Garden Reach, Kolkata
The Director, KFF, Bangalore, Karnataka
Haldia Dock Complex, Kolkata Port Trust, Kolkata
Lafarge Cement, Meghalaya
MSP Metallics Ltd. Jharsuguda, Orissa
MSP Power & Steel, Raigarh, Chattisgarh
Eicher Motors Ltd., Kolkata
The General Manager, Metro Railway, Kolkata
Jindal India Ltd.
Firefighters are essential to the safety and security of our local communities.
The lights, the sirens and the cascade of water, attributes of the modern day fire truck, have a tendency to hide the real role of this type of vehicles, that to save lives. For both kids and grown ups, the fuss created by a fire truck in action is thrilling beyond belief, outclassing its emergency services counterparts, the ambulances and the police cars. Today a common sight, the fire truck had to start somewhere. As was to be expected, motorized fire-fighting vehicles didn't come to be until the truck itself was invented. Yet, some of its today features have been around for some time now. The very early fire engines were in fact water pumps on wheels. They were intended to come to the aid of those days' real firefighters, the so called "bucket brigades". This was back in the 1700s, when British built pumps began being used to put out fires in Europe and the US as well. The first propulsion means for these pumps, whether they were hand or steamed powered, consisted of human beings pulling the pump. Being Fire crew from the early 1900s Fire crew from the early 1900scarried around by people, the apparatus had little room for personnel, they moved slowly and when they got to the scene, the firefighters were often too tired to do anything. Luckily, in most cases, the fires died out before they even got there, so there was little left for them to do. Towards mid 1800s, the introduction of the paid firefighters made room for horses to be largely put to use and pull the fire pumps. This improved the response time of the fire brigades, but still didn't solve the firefighter transport issue. People literally ran to the fires and, despite the fact that the pump was already there, they had some resting to do before getting to it. The introduction of running boards and back steps later solved this problem as well. The continuing development in fire fighting technologies made life a lot harder for the horses. The increase in weight of the fire engine slowly turned the horses as ineffective as the people were before them. Often, after half a mile, the travel speed would decrease dramatically. This called for a new means of propelling the engines. The first self propelled, steam powered fire engine in the US came to be in 1841 and it was built in New York. Strangely enough. it didn't caught on. Fire fighters considered such a propulsion solution dangerous and unreliable. It took tens of years before the steam powered fire engines caught on. The reign of the steam didn't last long. Despite the fact that steam powered fire engines were still in use, here and there, up until the 1920, motorized fire trucks became more and more common by 1910. Horse drawn or steam powered engines started being turned into fire trucks. By 1913, Ahrens-Fox Manufacturing Company from Cincinnati was the leading company when it came to the conversion.
From 1911, Mack Trucks began producing fire trucks, slowly becoming the most famous manufacturer in this field. Starting with the 1930s, the increasing sizes of the buildings called for a way for firefighters to reach the upper floors. Even if the concept of aerials was around since late 19th century, the ladder was taken to the next level during these years. It began being installed directly onto the trucks while the development of the turntable ladder made it possible for fire fighters to reach heights of up to 150 feet (46 m). In the years following World War 2, fire trucks received the aerial work platform, which is nothing more than a bucket attached to a bending arm installed on a fire truck. The so called "cherry pickers" allow fire fighters to position the mechanical arm into unreachable corners of any building. The modern day fire truck was defined towards the 1960s. The trucks now came with modern water pumps, ladders and "cherry pickers". A very important development was the introduction of the enclosed seats for the crew. The modern day fire truck got specialized, so that it can perform different tasks, depending on the type of incident it responds to. Generally, they can be classified into three large categories: pumpers, turntable ladders and specialized fire trucks. The pumpers (a.k.a. triple-combination pumpers) are the most common apparatus used by fire departments. Also know as wagons or engines, they are defined as being a type of vehicle permanently fitted with fire pump, water tank and hose body. The pumpers are used to provide its personnel with the tools required for the initial attack on the fire. The turntable ladder, commonly know as ladder, is the specialized truck used to access fires occurring at higher levels. It helps provide access and egress of both firefighters and casualties, as well as providing a higher water point, in conjunction with a long hose. Most of the ladder trucks are pumpers as well. The ones fitted with a bucket on top of the hydraulic arm are called town ladders. The tiller, or tractor drawn aerial, is a specialized ladder truck, with the ladder mounted on a semi-trailer. It has separate steering wheels for the front and rear wheels, making it ideal for narrow streets. The hydraulic platform (a.k.a. articulating booms, Snorkels, platform truck or Bronto) is a type of ladder truck which in some cases comes equipped with an articulated hydraulic arm. This allows for the arm to extend up and over some obstacles like roof tops. Water tenders are large water tanks on wheels, used to transport water to the scene of the fire. They are mostly used in rural areas, where hydrants are not usually found. Besides helping with fires, thanks to its pumps, it is used to draw in water from floods. Wildland fire engines are, basically, the 4x4 of fire trucks (not a truck per se, though). It is used to fight fires in mountains and hills, where regular fire trucks are unable to go. Crash tenders are fire trucks intended for fighting aircraft fires. They are, perhaps, the most complete fire trucks out there. They can move on tarmac and off tarmac with a decent amount of speed and they come packed with fire fighting chemicals. And they are not the only ones. Fire truck based vehicles are meant to rescue people from car crashes, they are aimed at transporting hazardous materials, and are often used as command and control stations and, in some cases, even put to hard work to rescue cats out of trees. And all you hardcore tifosi out there do know yet another use of the fire truck: dispersing crowds.